Every Muslim is a congregant of some mosque and as a result, becomes involved in its affairs either directly or indirectly. Since most mosques are governed by or have a Western-orientated constitution, this book examines its constitutionality from an Islamic perspective and assesses its validity as a guide to administering the affairs of a mosque.
Abdurraghiem Hasan Sallie explains the Shariah’s (Islamic Law) guide to good mosque governance, its laws and how to implement them. The principle of consultation (Shura) is impressed upon to be used, without fail, in all discussions, agreements and disagreements. The author uses practical examples from the Sunnah (practices of the Prophet Muhammad) as historical background to the laws about mosques in Islam. In particular, an insight into the establishment of the four great mosques in Islam is provided, and myths about the Ka’bah expelled.
Maintaining simple but architecturally functional structures and not over-beautifying is clarified under the discussion on the construction and utilisation of mosques. Guidance on how to appoint an Imam (religious leader) and its criteria, the purpose & sanctity of a mosque, the mosque as a community centre, financial administration of a mosque and the mosque as waqf (communal property) are among the issues expounded upon, from the viewpoint of the four major schools of thought in Islam (Madha-hib).
“The mosque is the forum where Muslims are kept informed about local, foreign, environmental, socio-economic, political and world affairs. Here matters of policy are discussed, resolved and disseminated. A veritable host of statements relates that the Prophet’s The mosque served variously as the seat of government, a prison, a court of law, the Treasury, a school, a welfare centre, war office, and for every other matter affecting the socio-economic or religious affairs of its citizens.
Every mosque, constructed the world over, becomes the living heart of its Muslim community. It is a very important symbol of Islam and of pivotal importance to the Islamic system to perform congregational prayers and to propagate the religion. Facing the Qiblah in the mosque provides a Muslim not only with a spiritual direction but also with a social and moral direction. This place of worship is where the concept of equality and fraternity is propagated and practised as preached by Islam.”